Unit VIII Discussion Board Business & Finance homework help

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Book Reference:Greene, S., & Lidinsky, A. (2018). From inquiry to academic writing: A practical guide (4th ed.). Bedford/St. Martin’s. https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781319071677

In the context of acquired knowledge in your proposed area of research, describe your strengths and weaknesses, which could affect developing your proposal. How can information you learned in this course be applied to your future endeavors, particularly in the DBA program?

RCH 7302, Doctoral Writing and Inquiry Into Research 1

Course Learning Outcomes for Unit VIII

Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to:

6. Develop a working thesis based on issues identified in academic literature.
6.1 Implement steps to create a working research document.

7. Synthesize academic literature to form a researched argument.

7.1 Compare common reasons for performing research.

Learning Outcomes

Learning Activity

Unit Lesson
Unit VIII Assignment 1

Unit Lesson
Chapter 13, pp. 371–375
Unit VIII Assignment 2

Required Unit Resources

Chapter 13: Other Methods of Inquiry: Interviews and Focus Groups, pp. 371–375

Unit Lesson

Creating an Idea Sheet

In this lesson, we explore the reason people perform research and, primarily, implement what you have
learned in this course by creating an idea sheet.

Why Do Research?

There are many views on the reasons to do research (Byrne, 2017; Collis & Hussey, 2009; Creswell &
Creswell, 2018; Leedy & Ormrod, 2019; Yin, 2018). Greene and Lidinsky (2018) provide four common

· to increase one’s ability to read critically,

· to increase one’s research skills,

· to broaden one’s scope of inquiry, and

· to contribute to a conversation of ideas.

As a student attempting to earn a terminal degree, all four reasons apply. As you move through the four
stages of understanding (naïve, novice, apprentice, master), you increase your ability to read critically by
synthesizing the thoughts of others to create knowledge of your own (Mansilla et al., 2009). Second, as you
read academic articles, you begin to see patterns in not only writing but approaching research. Third, you sift
through the different research methods and designs you have learned in the didactic portion of your program
to begin to apply them in real-life situations. This step will help you broaden your scope of inquiry. Finally, as
you develop your proposal and complete your study, you contribute to a conversation in your domain with
your results and ideas.


Interviews and Focus Groups
as Inquiry Methods

RCH 7302, Doctoral Writing and Inquiry Into Research 2



The Idea Sheet

The purpose of an Idea Sheet is to help you articulate the goals of your research and why the research is
needed or important (Greene & Lidinsky, 2018). Greene and Lidinsky provide a five-step approach to
developing what they describe as an “Idea Sheet” (p. 373):

· Explain the topic.

· Detail personal reasons.

· Identify what is at issue.

· Describe the application to the discipline.

· Develop issue-based questions.

Relating to the development of your research proposal, an idea sheet helps readers (in your case, the
committee members) understand why you are raising this issue. Contextual information, such as newspaper,
trade journal, or government reports, can help a reader understand the magnitude of an issue. However, your
explanation of a problem in your discipline will need to be supported with evidence (e.g., prior academic
research, detailed description of a situation where information is not publically available). Relating to prior
academic research, as a novice researcher in a chosen domain, you may not be aware of research that has
been conducted through the years. Your faculty, though, may know about research, and they can share that
experience with you—experience that may result in you revising your idea sheet. For example, a student
might wonder about components of job satisfaction and propose a qualitative study to explore the
phenomenon. A learned faculty in industrial and organizational psychology may point this student to the work
of Locke and Whiting (1974) and Locke (1976), which focused on the sources, nature, and causes of job
satisfaction. The faculty could also point to the work of Spector (1985), who developed a 36-item, 9-dimension
instrument that measures the components of job satisfaction. In this situation, the student has demonstrated a
naïve understanding in the discipline and needs to perform more research in the topic area to understand the
topical area and eventually narrow the focus of the research (Leggett & Jackowski, 2012; Mansilla et al.,

Explaining the personal reasons for your research can help the committee understand your view or “where
you are coming from.” Stating personal reasons can also help to identify any preconceived notions or bias
that might cause problems later in your study. Proposing to perform a phenomenological study, which is by
nature interpretive, where a researcher also has experienced the phenomenon can be fraught with bias—bias
that could come through in your interpretations. A committee may propose a student in this situation does not
study that phenomenon but another where they can be objective.

By focusing on a research issue under dispute (or the fundamental tension described in Unit IV), a reader can
evaluate the support you provide and the conclusion you made. Your committee may not agree with your
characterization of the evidence you provide or your conclusion; this begins the iterative process between a
novice researcher and their mentors.

By describing the proposed research application to a discipline, the committee can examine whether the
proposed research topic aligns with the program and their discipline expertise. In some cases, a doctoral
student may have to change their topic focus or angle to conform to a program or university requirement to
continue. In other cases, a doctoral student may be forced to leave a program and pursue another program or
university. Still, in other cases, committee changes may be required due to alignment of faculty expertise or
research interest.

When a situation arises that relates to the discipline of a doctoral student’s research, it’s often not clear. For
example, consider these three focuses:

· examining macroeconomic policies that influence business decisions (economics? public policy?
decision science?);

· exploring people’s viewpoints on crime in the workplace (public opinion? criminal justice? human
resource management?); and

· examining process efficiency in a government operation (operations management? information
systems management? public administration?).

RCH 7302, Doctoral Writing and Inquiry Into Research 3



When faced with a committee critique relating to discipline, a doctoral student must then ask themselves:

· Do I have enough knowledge in the disciplines to perform the study? If not, how can I learn, and how
long will it take?

· Do I understand how to perform the appropriate research method? If not, how can I learn, and how
long will it take?

· Where will I get my data? How long will it take? Will it cost additional funds?


Byrne, D. (2017). Project planner. SAGE.

Collis, J., & Hussey, R. (2009). Business research: A practical guide for undergraduate and postgraduate

students (3rd ed.). Palgrave.

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2018). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods

approaches (5th ed.). SAGE.

Greene, S., & Lidinsky, A. (2018). From inquiry to academic writing: A practical guide (4th ed.). Bedford/St.

Martin’s. https://online.vitalsource.com/#/books/9781319071677

Leedy, P. D., & Ormrod, J. E. (2019). Practical research: Planning and design (12th ed.). Pearson.

Leggett, T., & Jackowski, M. (2012). Developing and narrowing a topic. Radiologic Technology, 83(4), 405–


Locke, E. A. (1976). The nature and causes of job satisfaction. In M. D. Dunnette (Ed.), Handbook of

industrial and organizational psychology (pp. 1297–1343). Rand McNally.

Locke, E. A., & Whiting, R. J. (1974). Sources of satisfaction and dissatisfaction among solid waste

management employees. Journal of Applied Psychology, 59(2), 145–156.

Mansilla, V. B., Duraisingh, E. D., Wolfe, C. R., & Haynes, C. (2009). Targeted assessment rubric: An

empirically grounded rubric for interdisciplinary writing. The Journal of Higher Education, 80(3), 334–
353. https://doi.org/10.1353/jhe.0.0044

Spector, P. E. (1985). Measurement of human service staff satisfaction: Development of the job satisfaction

survey. American Journal of Community Psychology, 13(6), 693–713.

Yin, R. K. (2018). Case study research and applications: Design and methods (6th ed.). SAGE.

Suggested Unit Resources

To review the common steps in proposal development, review Chapter 13 of our textbook, pp. 376–379.

  • Course Learning Outcomes for Unit VIII
  • Required Unit Resources
  • Unit Lesson
    • Creating an Idea Sheet
      • Why Do Research?
      • The Idea Sheet
    • References
  • Suggested Unit Resources

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