Theories For Direct Social Work Practice 3 pages apa format with citations,on solution focused theory and intervention for  drug addiction. Crisis theory a

Click here to Order a Custom answer to this Question from our writers. It’s fast and plagiarism-free.

Theories For Direct Social Work Practice 3 pages apa format with citations,on solution focused theory and intervention for  drug addiction. Crisis theory and intervention for drug addiction. Behavior theory and intervention for drug addiction. JOSEPH WALSH
Virginia Commonwealth University

Theories for Direct Social
Work Practice

T H I R D E D I T I O N

Australia • Brazil • Mexico • Singapore • United Kingdom • United States

Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,
some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

This is an electronic version of the print textbook. Due to electronic rights restrictions,
some third party content may be suppressed. Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed
content does not materially affect the overall learning experience. The publisher reserves the right
to remove content from this title at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it. For
valuable information on pricing, previous editions, changes to current editions, and alternate
formats, please visit www.cengage.com/highered to search by ISBN#, author, title, or keyword for
materials in your areas of interest.

Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,
some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

Printed in the United States of America
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 17 16 15 14 13

Theories for Direct Social Work
Practice, Third Edition
Joseph F. Walsh

Product Manager: Seth Dobrin

Content Developer: Erik Fortier

Content Coordinator: Naomi
Dreyer

Product Assistant: Nicole Bator

Media Developer: John Chell

Associate Brand Manager: Molly
Felz

Market Development Manager:
Kara Kindstrom

Art and Cover Direction,
Production Management, and
Composition: S4Carlisle
Publishing Services

Manufacturing Planner: Judy
Inouye

Rights Acquisitions Specialist:
Thomas McDonough

Text Researcher: PMG

Text and Cover Designer:
S4Carlisle/Laurie Entringer

© 2013, 2010 Cengage Learning

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. No part of this work covered by
the copyright herein may be reproduced, transmitted,
stored, or used in any form or by any means graphic,
electronic, or mechanical, including but not limited to
photocopying, recording, scanning, digitizing, taping,
Web distribution, information networks, or information
storage and retrieval systems, except as permitted under
Section 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright
Act, without the prior written permission of the publisher.

For product information and technology assistance,
contact us at

Cengage Learning Customer & Sales
Support, 1-800-354-9706.

For permission to use material from this text or product,
submit all requests online at
www.cengage.com/permissions.

Further permissions questions can be e-mailed to
permissionrequest@cengage.com.

Library of Congress Control Number: 2013941369

Student Edition:
ISBN-13: 978-1-285-75024-8
ISBN-10: 1-285-75024-1

Cengage Learning
200 First Stamford Place, 4th Floor
Stamford, CT 06902
USA

Cengage Learning is a leading provider of customized
learning solutions with office locations around the globe,
including Singapore, the United Kingdom, Australia,
Mexico, Brazil, and Japan. Locate your local office at
www.cengage.com/global.

Cengage Learning products are represented in Canada by
Nelson Education, Ltd.

To learn more about Cengage Learning Solutions, visit
www.cengage.com.

Purchase any of our products at your local college store or
at our preferred online store www.CengageBrain.com.

Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,
some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

WCN: 02-200-203

Brief Contents

P R E F A C E x v

A B O U T T H E A U T H O R x i x

1 Thinking about Theory 1

2 A Social Work Perspective on Theory and
Practice 18

3 Person-Centered Theory 33

4 Ego Psychology 55

5 The Relational Theories, with a Focus on Object
Relations 85

6 Family Emotional Systems Theory 113

7 Behavior Theory 146

8 Cognitive Theory 171

9 Structural Family Theory 202

10 Solution-Focused Therapy 233

11 Motivational Interviewing and Enhancement
Therapy 255

12 Narrative Theory 278

13 Crisis Theory and Intervention 306

iii
Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,

some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

R E F E R E N C E S 3 3 3

A U T H O R I N D E X 3 6 9

S U B J E C T I N D E X 3 8 2

iv B R I E F C O N T E N T S

Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,
some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

Contents

P R E F A C E xv

A B O U T T H E A U T H O R xix

1 Thinking about Theory 1

What Is a Theory? 2

What Is a Practice Theory? 3

The Relationship Between Theory and Intervention Techniques 4

The Functions of Theory 6

Curative Factors in All Practice Theories 7

Selecting Theories for Practice 8

Eclecticism: Pro and Con 9

The Effect of Agency Culture on Theory Selection 9

Critical Thinking 10

Social Work Research on Theory and Practice Evaluation 11

Evidence-Based Practice 12

Ways to Improve Theory and Practice Research 15

Summary 16

Topics for Discussion 16

Idea for Class Activity 17

2 A Social Work Perspective on Theory and Practice 18

Defining Direct Social Work Practice 19

The Value Base of Social Work Practice 19

Strengths-Oriented Practice 20

v
Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,

some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

A Risk and Resilience Framework for Practice 22

Diversity and Multiculturalism 24

Client Empowerment 25

Limitations to Empowerment Practice 27

Empowerment and Research 27

Spirituality in Direct Practice 28

Incorporating Spirituality into Direct Practice 30

Summary 31

Topics for Discussion 31

Ideas for Assignments 32

3 Person-Centered Theory 33

Origins and Social Context 34

Major Concepts 37

Concepts Related to the Actualizing Tendency 37

Concepts Related to the Self 38

Congruence and the Fully Functioning Person 39

The Nature of Problems and Change 40

Assessment and Intervention 40

Assessment 40

Intervention 41

General Features 41

The Process of Intervention 41

Ending the Intervention 42

Spirituality and PCT 42

Attention to Social Justice Issues 43

Case Illustrations 44

The Premed Student 44

The Support Group 47

Evidence of Effectiveness 48

Specific Research on Client-Centered Theory and Therapy 48

Research on the Significance of the Practitioner/Client
Relatinship 49

Criticisms of the Theory 50

Summary 51

Topics for Discussion 53

Ideas for Classroom Activities/Role-Plays 53

Person-Centered Theory Outline 54

vi C O N T E N T S

Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,
some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

4 Ego Psychology 55

Origins and Social Context 56

Major Concepts 58

The Drives 59

The Significance of Emotional Life 59

The Ego and Its Functions 60

The Defense Mechanisms 61

The Complexity of Defenses: Denial 64

The Nature of Problems and Change 64

Assessment and Intervention 65

Assessment 65

Intervention 66

The Social Worker/Client Relationship 66

Transference and Countertransference 67

Intervention Strategies 68

Exploration/Description/Ventilation 68

Sustainment 69

Person-Situation Reflection 69

Advice and Guidance (Direct Influence) 69

Partializing (Structuring) 70

Education 70

Developmental Reflection 70

Endings in Ego Psychology 71

Spirituality and the Psychodynamic Theories 71

Attention to Social Justice Issues 72

Case Illustrations 73

The Angry Attorney 73

The Post-Traumatic Stress Survivor 75

Evidence of Effectiveness 78

Criticisms of the Theory 80

Summary 81

Topics for Discussion 81

Ideas for Classroom Activities/Role-Plays 81

Appendix: Ego Psychology Theory Outline 82

5 The Relational Theories, with a Focus on Object
Relations 85

Origins and Social Context 86

C O N T E N T S vii

Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,
some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

The Effects of Early Nurturing 87

Attachment Theory 88

Contemporary Object Relations Theory 89

Major Concepts 89

Relational Theory 91

Developmental Concepts 93

Donald Winnicott 94

Margaret Mahler 95

The Nature of Problems 96

The Nature of Change 97

Assessment and Intervention 98

The Social Worker/Client Relationship 98

Assessment 99

Intervention 100

Ending Intervention 100

Attention to Social Justice Issues 101

Case Illustrations 101

The Wild Child 101

The Group Therapy Intervention 104

Evidence of Effectiveness 106

Criticisms of the Theory 108

Summary 108

Topics for Discussion 108

Ideas for Classroom Activities/Role-Plays 109

Appendix: Object Relations Theory Outline 110

6 Family Emotional Systems Theory 113

Origins and Social Context 115

Analytic Theory 115

Systems Theory 115

Bowen’s Career 116

Major Concepts 117

The Multigenerational Perspective 117

Differentiation of Self 117

Triangles 118

Anxiety and the Nuclear Family Emotional System 119

Parental Projection 120

viii C O N T E N T S

Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,
some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

Fusion and Emotional Cutoff 120

Other Concepts 121

The Nature of Problems and Change 122

Assessment and Intervention 122

The Social Worker/Client Relationship 122

The Genogram 123

Detriangulation 124

Increasing Insight 125

Education 126

Working with Individuals 126

Endings in Family Emotional Systems Theory 126

Spirituality and Family Emotional Systems Theory 127

Attention to Social Justice Issues 128

Case Illustrations 128

The Reeves Family 128

The Charles Family 131

Evidence of Effectiveness 139

Criticisms of the Theory 141

Summary 141

Topics for Discussion 142

Ideas for Role-Plays 143

Appendix: Family Emotional Systems Theory Outline 143

7 Behavior Theory 146

Origins and Social Context 147

Major Concepts 149

The Nature of Problems and Change 149

Classical Conditioning 150

Operant Conditioning 151

Modeling 151

Assessment and Intervention 153

Assessment 153

The Social Worker/Client Relationship 153

Intervention 155

Applied Behavior Analysis 156

Spirituality and Behavior Theory 156

Attention to Social Justice Issues 157

C O N T E N T S ix

Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,
some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

Case Illustrations 158

Mama’s Boy 158

The Smart Shopper 161

Evidence of Effectiveness 164

Criticisms of the Theory 166

Summary 167

Topics for Discussion 167

Ideas for Role-Plays 168

Appendix: Behavior Theory Outline 168

8 Cognitive Theory 171

Origins and Social Context 172

Pragmatism and Logical Positivism 172

Information Processing Theory 173

Personal Construct Theory 173

Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck 174

Cognitive Theory in Social Work 174

Major Concepts 175

The Nature of Problems and Change 177

Assessment and Intervention 179

The Social Worker/Client Relationship 179

Assessment 180

Intervention 181

Cognitive Restructuring 181

Cognitive Coping 183

Problem-Solving Skills Development 185

Spirituality and Cognitive Theory 186

Attention to Social Justice Issues 187

Case Illustrations 188

Problem Solving and the Adolescent Girls Group 188

Cognitive Restructuring and the Single Parent 189

Managing Family Friction with Communication Skills
Development 190

Combining Cognitive and Behavioral Interventions 192

Improving Cognitive Capacity 193

Improving Behavioral Skills 193

Dialectical Behavior Therapy 194

x C O N T E N T S

Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,
some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

Evidence of Effectiveness 195

Criticisms of the Theory 196

Summary 197

Topics for Discussion 198

Ideas for Classroom Activities/Role-Plays 198

Appendix: Cognitive Theory Outline 199

9 Structural Family Theory 202

Origins and Social Context 203

Major Concepts 205

Executive Authority 205

Subsystems 205

Boundaries 206

Rules 206

Roles 206

Alliances 207

Triangles 207

Flexibility 207

Communication 208

Other Concepts 208

The Nature of Problems and Change 212

Assessment and Intervention 214

The Social Worker/Client Relationship 214

Assessment 214

Intervention 215

Ending Structural Family Interventions 217

Spirituality in Structural Family Theory 218

Attention to Social Justice Issues 219

Case Illustrations 219

The Dalton Family 219

The Family Drawings 224

Evidence of Effectiveness 225

Criticisms of the Theory 227

Summary 228

Topics for Discussion 228

Ideas for Role-Plays 229

Appendix: Structural Family Theory Outline 230

C O N T E N T S xi

Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,
some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

10 Solution-Focused Therapy 233

Origins and Social Context 233

Major Concepts 235

The Nature of Problems and Change 236

Assessment and Intervention 237

The Social Worker/Client Relationship 237

Assessment and Intervention Strategies 238

Ending the Intervention 242

Spirituality and Solution-Focused Intervention 243

Attention to Social Justice Issues 243

Case Illustrations 244

The Journalist 244

The Adolescent Mother 246

Evidence of Effectiveness 248

Criticisms of the Therapy 251

Summary 251

Topics for Discussion 251

Ideas for Classroom Activities/Role-Plays 252

Appendix: Solution-Focused Therapy Outline 252

11 Motivational Interviewing and Enhancement
Therapy 255

Origins, Social Context, and Major Concepts 256

The Summary Principles of Motivational Interviewing and
Enhancement 258

The Nature of Problems and Change 259

Assessment and Intervention 259

The Social Worker/Client Relationship 259

Assessment 260

Intervention 260

Motivational Enhancement Therapy 264

Spirituality in Motivational Interviewing and Enhancement 267

Attention to Social Justice Issues 268

Case Illustrations 268

The Man at the Medical Shelter 268

The School Brawler 270

Evidence of Effectiveness 272

xii C O N T E N T S

Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,
some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

Criticisms of Motivational Interviewing and Enhancement
Therapy 273

Summary 274

Topics for Discussion 275

Ideas for Class Role-Plays 275

Appendix: Motivational Interviewing and Enhancement
Outline 275

12 Narrative Theory 278

Origins and Social Context 279

Existentialism 279

Postmodernism 280

Social Constructivism 281

Michael White and David Epston 282

Major Concepts 283

The Personal Narrative 283

Deconstruction 284

Reconstruction, or Reauthoring 284

Celebrating/Connecting 285

The Nature of Problems and Change 285

Assessment and Intervention 287

The Social Worker/Client Relationship 287

Assessment 287

Intervention 288

Normalizing and Strengthening 288

Reflecting (Deconstructing) 289

Considering Cultural and Political Issues 289

Enhancing Changes (Reauthoring or Reconstructing) 289

Celebrating and Connecting 290

Spirituality and Narrative Theory 292

Attention to Social Justice Issues 292

Case Illustrations 293

The Hospice Client 293

Juvenile Sex Offenders 295

Evidence of Effectiveness 297

Outcome Studies 297

Process Studies 299

C O N T E N T S xiii

Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,
some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

Criticisms of the Theory 300

Summary 301

Topics for Discussion 302

Ideas for Role-Plays 302

Appendix: Narrative Theory Outline 303

13 Crisis Theory and Intervention 306

Origins and Social Context 307

Major Concepts 309

Stress 309

Crisis 309

Coping and Adaptation 310

Social Support 312

Assessment and Intervention 313

Overview 313

Assessment 314

A Word about Suicide Assessment 315

Intervention 316

Clinical Case Management 316

From Ego Psychology 317

From Behavior Theory 318

From Cognitive Theory 319

From Structural Family Theory 321

From Solution-Focused Therapy 323

From Narrative Theory 325

Spirituality and Crisis Theory 326

Attention to Social Justice Issues 327

Evidence of Effectiveness 327

Criticisms of the Theory 329

Summary 329

Topics for Discussion 330

Ideas for Role-Plays 330

Appendix: Crisis Theory Outline 331

R E F E R E N C E S 333

A U T H O R I N D E X 369

S U B J E C T I N D E X 382

xiv C O N T E N T S

Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,
some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

Preface

T heories for Direct Social Work Practice includes concise but comprehensive cov-erage of 11 major clinical practice theories that social workers commonly use
in their assessment, planning, and intervention tasks with individuals, families,
and groups. The purpose of this book is to provide Master of Social Work
(MSW) course instructors and students (as well as practicing professionals) with
a single volume that incorporates the major theories and intervention strategies
used in a variety of direct practice settings. The Theories book is a resource that
students will be able to use long after they finish school.

A P P R O P R I A T E C O U R S E S F O R U S E

Most MSW programs include a clinical or direct practice concentration and
require students to take at least one, and more often several, courses on topics
related to direct practice. Textbooks that cover practice theories, most of which
have been developed outside the social work profession, must be faithful to their
sources but also true to the values of social work and its appreciation of the en-
vironmental context of client systems. A challenge to instructors is selecting a
reasonable number of theories to include in those courses: not so many as to
allow for little more than an overview, and not so few that students acquire a
limited repertoire of practice skills. The scope of theories covered in Theories for
Direct Social Work Practice is intended to provide a fairly broad view of the prac-
tice field while allowing students to learn the material in depth.

This book may be appropriate for foundation and second-year courses in
MSW programs. It provides current, practical information about social work
practice theories and techniques that can be used at both beginning and ad-
vanced levels of practice. The Theories book also may be suitable for a variety
of direct practice electives (such as community mental health practice, crisis

xv
Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,

some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

intervention, and health care social work) because the material is not setting-
specific. The relatively small number of included theories should appeal to in-
structors, as the entire book can be covered in one or two semesters.

C O V E R A G E A N D O R G A N I Z A T I O N O F T H E B O O K ,

I N C L U D I N G T H I R D E D I T I O N U P D A T E S

As noted earlier, Theories for Direct Social Work Practice covers 11 major theories;
more specifically, it covers 10 theories and a practice model. A model, described
more thoroughly in Chapter 11, is a set of techniques for working with certain
types of clients. I have included one model in the book (motivational interview-
ing) because of its tremendous popularity and influence in direct practice today,
as well as its applicability across many practice theories. (Another model from the
second edition, interpersonal therapy, has been removed.)

The book begins with two chapters that are intended to orient readers to the
importance of theory-based direct practice and the elements of theory that are
central to the mission of the social work profession. These elements include values,
attention to strengths, client empowerment, spirituality, and the ability to evaluate
one’s practice. The following 11 chapters are organized with a historical perspec-
tive, presenting the theories roughly in the order they were developed. Chapter 3
(new to this edition) is focused on person-centered theory, which, while not often
practiced in its pure form today, establishes the importance of the social worker/
client relationship and has practice implications across all theoretical perspectives.
Chapters 4–6 are devoted to psychodynamic theories, including ego psychology;
object relations theory (with a greater emphasis on relational theory); and Bowen’s
family systems theory (which, while not analytic, derives from an analytic base).
Chapters 7–9 are devoted to the cognitive-behavior theories, including behavior
theory, cognitive theory, and structural family theory (which I argue is consistent
with cognitive-behavioral methods). Chapters 10–12 focus on several “newer”
theories or approaches, including solution-focused therapy, motivational inter-
viewing, and narrative theory. The final chapter of the book, devoted to crisis in-
tervention, is integrative, in that it draws on techniques from the previous chapters
in the book to organize a rapid response to clients in crisis.

Each of the theory chapters is organized according to the following outline:

The focus of the theory

Its major proponents (past and present)

Its origins, including the social context

Perspective on the nature of the individual

Intrapersonal or interpersonal structural concepts (if applicable) and other
major concepts

Human development concepts (if applicable)

xvi P R E F A C E

Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,
some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to remove additional content at any time if subsequent rights restrictions require it.

Nature of problems

Nature of change

Intervention goals

Assessment and intervention strategies (including the nature of the worker/
client relationship)

How the client’s spirituality can be addressed

Attention to social justice issues

Case illustrations

Evidence of effectiveness and utility

Criticisms

Questions for discussion and class activities

Appendices (including an outline of each theory)

The theory outlines that conclude each chapter may be particularly useful to
instructors and students for systematically comparing the theories.

To bridge human behavior in the social environment–direct practice con-
nection, each chapter focuses on how the theory addresses issues of human de-
velopment within a context of human and cultural diversity. In addition to this
organizing theme, there is an exploration of how the theories address issues of
spirituality and social justice. A summary of the research on each theory’s effec-
tiveness and utility concludes each chapter.

Graduate students are almost always highly motivated to learn practice methods.
They have invested significant time and money in their professional development
and have only a few years to develop some mastery of the complex material. They
are also involved in field placements in which they are expected to provide direct
practice interventions competently. As an instructor of such students for many years,
I know that they are invariably excited at the prospect of acquiring a broad repertoire
of practical intervention techniques. My hope is that this book will be a resource that
satisfactorily meets their needs, and that its format brings the material to life.

I am a longtime direct service practitioner who has always enjoyed reading
about and experimenting with various approaches to direct intervention. I like to
think that as I try to master theories and models, as well as selecting methods that
seem to work well with different client populations, I am developing an ap-
proach to practice that is personal, but is nonetheless based in the traditions of
our profession. My hope is that this book will help social work students to un-
dertake the same developmental journey.

A U T H O R ’ S A C K N O W L E D G M E N T S

I owe a great debt of gratitude to Jacqui Corcoran, a colleague and friend who
helped me significantly with several chapters. My outstanding former students

P R E F A C E xvii

Copyright 2013 Cengage Learning. All Rights Reserved. May not be copied, scanned, or duplicated, in whole or in part. Due to electronic rights,
some third party content may be suppressed from the eBook and/or eChapter(s). Editorial review has deemed that any suppressed content does not materially
affect the overall learning experience. Cengage Learning reserves the right to …

Place your order now for a similar assignment and have exceptional work written by one of our experts, guaranteeing you an A result.

Need an Essay Written?

This sample is available to anyone. If you want a unique paper order it from one of our professional writers.

Get help with your academic paper right away

Quality & Timely Delivery

Free Editing & Plagiarism Check

Security, Privacy & Confidentiality