English Health effects of natural disasters occur over stages, beginning with the immediate impact of the event. Another impact of CHEs are individuals who are displaced. Displaced persons face many risks to their health and well-being not only during the event, but also after returning or resettling.
After reading this week’s chapters and reviewing the PowerPoints and websites provided, please respond to the following (700-900 words, citation and reference in APA format):
· Using the
and at least one other valid source explain the role of global public health, what resources are available for countries who do not have the necessary material or food to cope with the health impacts of the CHE(s).
· What are the primary goals of humanitarian response to disasters?
· Describe an assessment and surveillance necessary during emergency phase of the disaster.
I. Purpose of Position Paper
The purpose of this position paper is to discuss primary goals of humanitarian response to disasters. Nature and humanity both have roles in creating natural catastrophes. Natural hazards include floods, drought, landslides, storms, hurricanes, tidal waves, earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanic eruptions, and epidemics. They may be created by hydro meteorological, geophysical, or biological processes, or a combination thereof. When an emergency arises due to natural catastrophe, armed war, an economic or political crisis, or a combination of these circumstances, humanitarian action or reaction is necessary to save lives and relieve suffering and safeguard human dignity. Actors and behaviors involved in humanitarian response fall under the umbrella of the humanitarian concept of the right to aid and responsibility to aid in emergencies, based on impartiality and neutrality.
II. Introduction to the Issue
More individuals are in need of aid, and the situation is becoming worse. Humanitarian crises continue to be exacerbated by armed conflict. Protracted crises in many nations have resulted in massive damage, the displacement of people domestically and to neighboring countries, and a breakdown of law and order as a consequence of a governmental vacuum. The threat of natural disasters is also on the rise. It is becoming more common, less predictable, and longer lasting because of climate change. This increases catastrophe risk all throughout the globe, but it’s particularly bad in places where the population is growing rapidly, food and energy prices are volatile, people are poor, and the environment is degrading. The combined effect is a global humanitarian crisis that occurs on a regular basis.
1. When it comes to human rights, the goals of humanitarian action are to save lives, relieve suffering, and uphold human dignity during and after man-made crises and natural catastrophes, as well as to avoid and improve readiness for the occurrence of such events.
2. In order to be effective, humanitarian action must be guided by the humanitarian principles of humanity, which emphasize the importance of preserving human lives and relieving suffering wherever More individuals are in need of aid, and the situation is becoming worse. Humanitarian crises continue to be exacerbated by armed conflict. Protracted crises in many nations have resulted in massive damage, the displacement of people domestically and to neighboring countries, and a breakdown of law and order as a consequence of a governmental vacuum. The threat of natural disasters is also on the rise. It is becoming more common, less predictable, and longer lasting because of climate change. This increases catastrophe risk all throughout the globe, but it’s particularly bad in places where the population is growing rapidly, food and energy prices are volatile, people are poor, and the environment is degrading. The combined effect is a global humanitarian crisis that occurs on a regular basis. The implementation of actions solely on the basis of need, without discrimination between or within affected populations; neutrality, which means that humanitarian action must not favor any side in an armed conflict or other dispute in which such action is carried out; and independence, which means that humanitarian action must not be influenced by the political or religious beliefs of the people who are being assisted. Also included is the concept of independence, which refers to the independence of humanitarian aims from the political, economic, military, or other interests that any actor may have with respect to places where humanitarian intervention is being carried out.
3. Humanitarian assistance includes the protection of civilians and those who have ceased to participate in hostilities, as well as the provision of food, water, and sanitation, shelter, health services, and other items of assistance, all of which are undertaken for the benefit of those who have been affected and to facilitate the return to normal lives and livelihoods.
4. Make every effort to guarantee that financing for humanitarian action in new crises does not have a negative impact on the provision of assistance in current crises.
With the understanding that a dynamic and flexible response to changing requirements in humanitarian crises is required, work to guarantee predictability and flexibility in financing for United Nations agencies, funds and programs as well as for other relevant humanitarian organizations.
The potential of lowering, or increasing, the flexibility of earmarking and the introduction of longer-term financing arrangements should be explored while emphasizing that transparent and strategic priority-setting and budgetary planning are essential for implementing organizations.
Make responsible contributions to United Nations Consolidated Inter-Agency Appeals and International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement appeals on the basis of burden-sharing, and actively support the formulation of Common Humanitarian Action Plans (CHAPs) as the primary instrument for strategic planning, prioritization, and coordination in complex emergencies.
Ekblad, P. (2017). Bridging the Humanitarian-Development Divide. https://www.diva-portal.org/smash/get/diva2:1121069/FULLTEXT01.pdf.
IASC. (2015). INTRODUCTION TO HUMANITARIAN ACTION. https://interagencystandingcommittee.org/system/files/rc_guide_31_october_2015_webversion_final.pdf.
Norad. (2007). Humanitarian Response to Natural Disasters: A Synthesis of Evaluation Findings. Oslo, Norway: Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation.
OECD. (2012). Towards Better Humanitarian Donorship. https://www.oecd.org/dac/peer-reviews/12lessons.pdf.