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Discussion Rogerian  Arguments  –  EA  CH  7 • AKA  “Invita+onal  Arguments”   • An  alterna+ve  to  confronta+on  and  angry  argument

Discussion Rogerian  Arguments  –  EA  CH  7

• AKA
 “Invita+onal
 Arguments”
 
• An
 alterna+ve
 to
 confronta+on
 and
 angry
 argument

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Discussion Rogerian  Arguments  –  EA  CH  7

• AKA
 “Invita+onal
 Arguments”
 
• An
 alterna+ve
 to
 confronta+on
 and
 angry
 arguments
 
• Carl
 Rogers,
 American
 psychologist,
 creator
 of
 style
 

•  Considered
 to
 be
 one
 of
 the
 founding
 fathers
 of
 psychotherapy
 research
 
•  “Humanis+c
 approach”
 to
 psychology
 
•  Think
 “couples
 therapy”
 

• “people
 involved
 in
 disputes
 should
 not
 respond
 to
 each
 other
 un+l
 
they
 could
 fully,
 fairly,
 and
 even
 sympathe+cally
 state
 the
 other
 
person’s
 posi+on
 “
 (p.
 139).
 

More  About  Rogerian  Arguments
• Response
 to
 Aristotelian
 argument,
 which:
 

•  Is
 adversarial,
 seeks
 to
 refute
 the
 other
 views;
 and
 
 
•  Sees
 the
 listener
 as
 wrong,
 someone
 who
 now
 must
 be
 overwhelmed
 by
 
evidence.
 

•  Instead,
 Rogerian
 argument:
 
•  Is
 non-­‐confronta+onal,
 collegial,
 friendly;
 
•  Shows
 sympathe+c
 understanding
 of
 opposing
 argument;
 
•  Recognizes
 validity
 in
 opposing
 argument;
 
•  Recognizes
 and
 demonstrates
 that
 those
 who
 take
 other
 side
 of
 argument
 
are
 persons
 of
 goodwill;
 
•  Respects
 other
 views
 and
 allows
 for
 plural
 truths;
 and
 
•  Seeks
 to
 achieve
 some
 degree
 of
 assent
 rather
 than
 convince
 uOerly.
 

How  to  Use  the  Rogerian  Method

• State
 the
 problem
 
•  There
 is
 a
 debate
 on
 whether
 or
 not
 marijuana
 should
 be
 legalized.
 

• Provide
 both
 sides
 of
 the
 problem
 
•  Some
 people
 think
 marijuana
 should
 be
 legalized
 because
 of
 A,
 B
 and
 C.
 
•  Other
 people
 think
 marijuana
 should
 remain
 illegal
 because
 of
 X,
 Y
 and
 Z.
 

• Grant
 whatever
 validity
 the
 writer
 finds
 in
 that
 posi+on
 (recognize
 
the
 circumstances
 in
 which
 the
 posi+on
 would
 be
 acceptable)
 
•  Both
 sides
 have
 value
 in
 this
 debate
 because
 of
 1,
 2
 and
 3.
 

• AOempt
 to
 show
 how
 the
 opposing
 posi+on
 will
 be
 improved
 if
 the
 
writer’s
 own
 posi+on
 is
 accepted.
 
•  However,
 the
 side
 that
 supports
 legaliza+on
 is
 a
 stronger
 argument
 because…
 

 

Capstone  Prewri

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