4. According to Hugh Heclo, what informal behavior patterns seem to be followed by many bureaucrats? What justifications or rationales might be advanced in support of those behaviors? In your judgment, are these adequate, defensible rationales? Why or why not?
6. What are the principal instruments that can be used to make a chief executive “strong”? Even if all are available to an individual chief executive, are there any constraints on executive leadership? If so, what are they?
10. How are leadership style, group morale, and overall group performance interrelated? Identify the leadership factors most important to group morale, and discuss the links between morale and performance.