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BS-M4-A1 Read the following article: (ATTACHED BELOW)

 In two to three pages, complete the following: 

Summary: Summarize the above article. Describe the connection between higher education and deviance in the situations portrayed in the article.
Analysis: Explain how the academic institution admission policy favors certain segments of society through the front door and back door entry and supports or reinstates the stereotypes of the higher-income white elite. Apply at least one theory of deviance to further explain the situation.

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Summary of article and connection of higher education institution and deviance

30% of total grade

Mastery: Advanced/exceeds achievement

Exemplary summary of the article and fully describes the connection between higher education institution and deviance.

 

Explains how in the article stereotypes are reinstated in admission to higher education

30% of total grade

Mastery: Advanced/exceeds achievement

Exemplary description of how stereotypes are reinstated in higher education institution.

 

Applies a sociological theory of deviance

30% of total grade

Mastery: Advanced/exceeds achievement

Exemplary application of an appropriate theory of deviance and uses sociological concepts with fully developed examples. White Privilege and the College Admissions
Scandal
The revelations give credence to the portrait of higher education as a system for
only the wealthiest and most elite families in the United States.

By Lauren Camera, Education Reporter | March 13, 2019, at 11:37 a.m.

A P O S T E R O U T L I N I N G T H E C O L L E G E A D M I S S I O N S B R I B E R Y S C H E M E I S D I S P L A Y E D D U R I N G A N E W S C O N F E R E N C E O N

T U E S D A Y . ( S T E V E N S E N N E / A P )

“W H AT WE DO I S W E HELP th e we a l t h i est f am i l ie s i n t h e U.S. g et t h ei r k id s i n to s c hoo l . ”

W i l li a m R ic k S i n g e r , a N ewp o r t B e ac h, C a l if or n i a- b a s e d c o ll e ge a dm i s s i o ns e x p er t , wa s t e d
n o t im e c ut t in g t o t h e c ha s e i n a c o nv e r s at i o n wi t h a p ar e nt , wh i c h t h e F BI r ec o r d e d l as t
J u n e.

“T h e y wa n t gu a r a nt e e s , t h e y wa n t t his t h i ng do n e. T h e y d o n ‘ t wa n t t o b e m e s s i n g ar o u nd
wi t h t h is t hi ng . A n d s o t he y wa n t i n a t c er t a i n s c h oo l s . S o I d i d 7 6 1 wh a t I wo u l d c a l l, ‘ s id e
doors.’ ”

[ S E E : T h e W e ek i n C a r t o o n s f or M ar c h 11 – 1 5 ]

H e e l ab o r at ed : “T h er e i s a f r o nt d o or wh i c h m ea n s yo u g e t i n on yo u r o wn . T h e b ac k d oo r
i s t hr o u g h i ns t i t ut io n a l a dv a n c em e nt , wh i c h is t e n t im e s as m uc h m o n e y. A n d I ‘ v e c r e at e d
t h is s i d e d o or i n . ”

S i n g e r t h e n m o v e d t o c l os e t h e d e al : ” B e c a us e t he b ac k d o or , wh e n yo u g o t h r ou g h
i n s t it ut i o n a l a d v a n c em e nt , a s yo u k n ow, e v e r yb o d y’ s g ot a f r i en d of a f r i e nd , wh o k n o ws
s o m e b o d y wh o k n o ws s om e b o d y b u t t h e r e’ s n o g ua r a nt e e, t h ey’ r e j us t g o nn a g iv e yo u a
s e c o n d l o ok. M y f a m il i e s wa n t a g u ar an t e e. ”

THE CIVIC REPORT

” I t ‘ s t h e h om e r u n of ho m e r u n s , ” S i n ge r l at e r a d d ed , f o r g o o d m e a s ur e.

” A n d it wo r k s ? ” a s k e d t he p ar e nt .

” E v er y t im e, ” S in g e r s a i d, s e al i n g t h e d e a l .

F iv e m o nt hs l a t er , t h e p ar e n t , G o r d o n C a p l a n, wh o l iv e s i n G r ee n wi c h , C o nn e c t i c ut a n d i s
a n att o r ne y a n d c o – c h a ir m a n o f t h e in t er n at i o n al l a w f i r m W i llk i e, F ar r a nd G a l l a g h er, wo u l d
p a y S i n g e r $7 5 , 0 0 0 t o a r r a n g e a pr o c t o r t o c o r re c t t h e a n s we r s t o h i s d au g hte r ‘ s A CT t es t
a f t e r s h e c om p l et e d it .

T h e s t or y i s j u s t on e o f 50 b et we e n S in g e r a n d N CA A D iv i s io n I c o ac h es , Ho l l y wo o d
c e l e b r i t i e s an d we a l t h y p a r e nt s l ik e Ca p l a n wh o we r e c h ar g e d T u es d a y wi t h br i b e r y a nd
f r au d i n c o nn e c t i o n wi t h a s we e p i n g c o l l e g e a dm is s i o ns s c a n da l , a c c or d i n g t o d o c um e nt s
u n s e a l e d i n f e d e r a l c ou r t i n B o s t o n.

T h e c as e – t h e l ar g e s t c ol l e g e a d m is s i o n s c am e v e r p r os e c ut ed b y t h e D e pa r t m e nt of
J u s t ic e – e xp o s e s a l o n g- r u n ni n g r ac k e t ee r i n g s c h e m e d at i n g b a c k t o 2 0 1 1, i n wh i c h
p a r e nt s p a i d S in g e r a c om b i n e d $ 2 5 m i l l i o n t o h e lp s t u d en t s c h e a t o n c ol l eg e e nt r a n c e
e x a m s a n d ga i n t h em a dm i s s i o n t o e li t e c ol l e g es a n d u n iv er s iti e s a s r e cr u it e d at h l et e s
wh e n i n r e a l it y t h e y we r e n o t at h l et e s a t a l l.

T h e r ev e l at io n is a da m ni n g p or t r ai t of h i g h er e d uc a t i o n t ha t t h e i n d us t r y ha s be e n t r yi n g t o
s h e d f or d ec a d e s : T h at it’ s a r i g g e d s ys t e m ac c es s i b l e o n l y t o t h e we a l t h i es t a n d m o s t e l i t e
f a m i l i es i n t he U. S .

“T o z o o m o ut a l it t l e b it , wh e n yo u s e e c r it iq u es ab o u t h o w we h a v e s t r uc t ur e d a n e c o no m y
t h at h a s d if f e r e nt r u l es f o r d if f er e nt pe o p l e , t h is i s E x h i b it A , ” B e n M i ll e r , v i c e p r es i d e nt of
p o s t s ec o n d ar y e d u c at i o n a t t h e C e nt er f or A m e r ic an P r o gr e s s , s a ys . ” A l o w- i n c om e f a m il y
wo u l d n e v er t h i nk t o c l a im t h e y f a l s ely c o m p e t e on a c r e w t e am . ”

I n a d d it i o n t o C a p la n , t he p ar e nt s – d e s c r i b e d b y A n dr e w L e l l in g , U. S . att or n e y f or t h e
D i s t r ict o f M a s s ac h u s et t s , as ” a c at al o g u e of we a l t h a n d pr i v ile g e ” – i nc l ud e CE O s of
p u b l i c a n d pri v at e c om p an i e s , r e a l est at e m o g ul s , a f a s hi o n d es i g n e r a nd Ho l l y wo o d
celebrities.

“T h is i s a c as e i n wh i c h t h e y f l a u nt e d t h e ir we a l t h a n d s e t t h e ir c hi l d r en up wi t h t h e b es t
e d u c at i o n m o n e y c o u l d bu y – l it e r a ll y, ” s a i d J os e ph R. B o n av o lo n t a, s p ec i a l a g e nt i n
c h a r g e of t he F BI ‘ s B o s t o n f i e l d off ic e .

A l l of t h em k n o wi n g l y c o n s p i r e d wi t h S i n g e r , t h e d oc u m e nts s a y, p a yi n g h i m u p t o $ 6. 5
m i l l i o n a n d di s g u is i n g t h e p a ym e n t s as c h ar it a b l e d o n a t i o ns, wh i c h t h e y t h en wr o t e o f f as a
t a x d e du c t i on . M os t o f t he m p a i d S i ng e r , wh o f u nn e l e d t h e m on e y t h r o u g h a f a k e c h a r i t y,
b e t we e n $ 2 0 0 , 0 0 0 t o $ 4 00 , 0 0 0.

“T h e e li t e c ol l e g e s a dm i s s i o n s s t r uc t ur e i s a lr ea d y s o h e av i l y we i g h t e d i n f av o r of we a l t h y
f a m i l i es t h at t o s e e e gr e gi o u s c h e at ing o n t op of i t s u gg e s t s t he r e i s n o l ev e l of b a d
b e h a v i or t o wh i c h s om e o f t h e s e we a l t h y f am i l i es wi l l s t o o p, ” M i l l er s a ys . “I t ‘ s n ot e n o ug h
t h e y h a v e e no u g h m o n e y f o r a pr iv a t e S A T t u t or , t ha t t h e y h a v e e n o u g h m o ne y f o r
a d m i s s i o ns c o a c h e s a n d t o p a y f or wh a t e v e r s tr a ng e e xt r ac u rr ic u l a r act i v it y m ak es t h em
l o o k g o o d, bu t t h e y s t i l l ha v e t o br i b e t h e ir wa y i n . ”

T o b e s ur e, in c o m e i n eq ua l i t y i n e d u c a t i o n h as a lo n g h is t o r y, i n l ar g e p ar t b e c a u s e s o
m u c h of K – 12 b u d g et s a r e d e p e n d en t o n l oc a l p r op e r t y t a x e s , m e a n i n g we a l t h i er
c o m m u n it i es wi t h h i g h er t a x b as e s a ut o m a t i c a l l y ha v e m or e m on e y t o p a y f or t h in g s l ik e
b e t t e r t e ac he r s , A P c o urs e s a n d c o l le g e c o u n s elo r s – a l l of wh i c h p r ov i d e a l e g u p i n t h e
c o l l e g e a dm is s i o ns p r oc es s .

C o m b i n e t h at wi t h f a m il i es wh o c a n a ls o aff or d c oa c h i n g f o r t he S A T a n d A CT , a d d it i o na l
c o u n s el o r s wh o g o ov e r c o l l e g e es s ays wi t h a f i ne – t o o t h c o m b a n d c o s t s f o r r ec r e at i o na l

s p o r t s , m u s ic l e s s o n s a nd ot h er e xt r ac u r r i c ul ar s , a n d a dm i s s io n t o t h e m os t e li t e c o l l eg e s
i s a s s u m e d b y m a n y l o we r – i nc om e f am i l i es t o b e o u t of r e ac h.

[ R E A D : 5 0 C h a r g e d i n La r g e s t C o ll eg e A d m is s ion s S c am E v er ]

A s o n e r ec en t s t u d y f ou nd, 3 8 c o ll e g es , i nc l u d in g f i v e I v y L e a gu e s c h o o ls , e n r o l l e d m o r e
s t u de n t s wh o s e f am i l ie s a r e a m o n g t h e t o p 1 p e r c e n t of i nc om e e a r n er s t h a n f r o m t h e
e n t ir e b ot t om 60 pe r c e nt . A n d c h i l d r e n wh o s e p ar e nt s ar e i n t h e t o p 1 p e r c e n t of e ar ne r s
a r e 7 7 t i m es m or e l ik e l y t o att e n d a n I v y L e a g u e c o l l e g e t h an t h o s e wh o s e p a r e nt s ar e in
t h e b ot t o m in c o m e q u in t il e , t h e s am e r e p o r t f o u n d.

” I t ‘ s a bs o l ut e l y o u t r a g e ou s , ” S us a n Dyn a r s k i , a pro f e s s or o f pu b l i c p o l ic y, e d u c at i o n a nd
e c o n o m i c s at t h e U n i v ers i t y o f M i c hi ga n , s ays . “I’ v e b e e n s t ud y i n g i ne q u a l ity i n c o l l eg e –
g o i n g a nd c om p l et i o n f o r d e c a d e s a n d i nt e l l ec t u a l ly I k n e w t h a t t h i s s o r t of t h i n g h a pp e ne d ,
b u t t o s e e it l a i d ou t i n a l e g a l p r oc e ed i n g dr iv e s it a l l h om e. ”

D yn a r s k i ‘ s r e s e a r c h s h ows , i n p a r t , t h a t l o w- i nc om e s t u d e nt s wh o a r e q u a li f i e d f or t o p-t i e r
s c h o o ls r ar e ly a p p l y b a s ed o n t h e a s s u m pt i o n t h at t h e y c a n n ot a f f o r d t h e c os t of t u it i o n.

B u t D yn a r s k i f o u n d t h at as s um pt i o n c h a n g e s if s om e o n e f r om t h e s c h o o l s p e c if i c al l y g e t s i n
t o u c h wi t h l ow- i n c o m e s t u d e n t s a n d pr o m is e s t h em f r e e t u it i on if t h e y a p p l y a n d a r e
a d m itt e d. I n f a c t , t h e y a r e t wi c e a s l ik e l y t o a p p l y, b e a d m i t t ed t o a n d e n r o l l .

” I f a n yo n e ev e r a g a i n ask s m e, ‘ I s c ol l e g e wo r t h it , ‘ I wi l l j u s t pu s h t hi s s t ory i n f r o nt of
t h em be c a use t h e s e p ar en t s c l e ar l y k n o w t h a t g et t i n g i nt o a h ig h – q u a l it y c ol l e g e i s
v a l u a b l e, ” Dyn a r s k i s a ys . “T h at t h e s e v al u a b l e a dm i s s i o ns po s i t i o ns wo u l d g o t o
u n p r e p ar e d, r i c h k i d s wh i l e s o m a n y s m a r t k i d s , p oo r k i ds a r e be i n g le f t o n t h e s i d e l i n es i s
a b s o l ut e l y ou t r a g i n g. ”

D yn a r s k i i s qu i c k t o n ot e t h at t h e e n t i r e s ys t em i s n o t r i g g e d an d t h at t h e v a s t m a j or it y o f
c o l l e g e c o u ns e l o r s a n d c o l l e g e a d m iss i o n s off ic e r s ar e d o i n g a g o o d j o b, d e s p it e t h e
u n s a v or y i m a g e t h e s c a nd a l p ai n t s of h i g h er e d u c a t i o n wr i t l a r g e .

“T h e a dm is s io n s s i d e d o or s – s p ort s , le g a c i es – are r i p e f o r t h is k i n d of c or r u pt i o n, I t h in k , ”
s h e s a ys . “Th e s e s i d e e nt r i e s t h r o u g h at h l et ic s , t hr o u g h l e g ac y , t h r o u g h f u nd r a i s i n g j u s t
n e e d t o b e s h u t d o wn . T he c r e d i bi l it y t h a t h i g h er ed u c at i o n h a s i n t h e U. S . is at r i s k . ”

S t or i es o f we a l t h a n d pr iv i l e g e s e c ur in g s p o t s at el i t e i ns t it ut i on s f or f a m il ie s wh o d o n a t e
m a s s i v e s u m s of m o n e y o r ha v e i nc r ed i b l e p o l it i c al c l o ut a r e no t h i n g n e w. T h e y r a n g e f r o m
p o l i t i c a l l y c on n e c t e d a p p li c a nt s g iv e n p r ef e r e nc e at t h e U n i v ers i t y o f I l l in o i s t o a $ 2. 5
m i l l i o n gi f t g iv e n t o H ar v ar d b y t h e p a r e n t s of J a r ed K us h n er, Pr e s i d en t D ona l d T ru m p’s
s o n – i n- l a w, t wo ye a r s b ef o r e K us h n e r wa s a d m i t t ed .

L a s t ye a r , wh e n H ar v ar d wa s f o r c e d t o d et a i l f or t h e v e r y f ir s t t im e i t s e nt ir e a dm i s s i o ns
p r o c es s d ur in g a l a ws u i t t h at’ s c h a l l en g i n g t h e s c h o o l ‘ s u s e of r ac e i n it s ad m i s s i o ns
p r o c es s , it r e v e a l e d s pec i a l c at e g or ie s t h at a dm is s i o ns of f i c er s c on s i d er, i n c l u d i n g le ga c y
a p p l i c a nt s , ap p l i c a nt s wh o s e f am i l ie s m a d e s iz e a bl e d o n at i on s , c hi l d r en of f a c u lt y a n d
r e cr u it e d at hl e t es , t h e l att e r of wh i c h we r e a d m i tt ed 8 6 p er c e nt of t he t im e.

” M y h o p e is t h at t h i s wi l l p r o m pt a l ar g e r c onv e r s at i o n a b o ut a ll t h e wa ys n o n – i l l e g al u s e s
o f p r i v i l eg e c a n a ls o u n d er m i n e t h e a dm i s s i o ns pr oc e s s , ” M i ll e r s a ys . ” B r i b es ar e o bv i o us l y
b a d a n d we s h o u l d s t o p t h e m , bu t we s h o u l d n’ t f o r ge t t h at i t ‘ s a l r e a d y a n i nh e r e nt l y u n f a i r
p r o c es s f or a l ot of s t u de n t s . ”

T h e s we e p i n g s c a n d a l is l i k e l y t o pr o v i d e a n e w l en s t hr o u g h wh i c h m a n y wi l l c o n s i d e r
s e p a r at e, o ng o i n g d eb a t es a bo u t hi g he r e d u c at i o n, i n c l u d i n g aff ir m at iv e a c t io n a n d r a c e-
b a s e d a d m i s s i o n p o l ic i e s a n d t h e u s e of s t a n d ar d iz e d t es t s i n a d m i s s i o ns.

” I t i s s t u n n i ng t o m e t h at i n a wo r l d wh e r e t h e r e are s er i o us ef f o r t s at u n d e r m i n i n g t h e us e
o f r ac e i n c ol l e g e a d m is s i o n s , t h at we wo u l d t a lk ab o u t t h at i s s u e at a l l i n l ig h t of t hi s , ”

M i l l er s a ys . “T h e r ea l p r ob l e m i s t h e pe r v as i v en e s s of we a l t h t o i nf l u e nc e ad m i s s i o n; n ot
r a c e. ”

T u es d a y’ s ne ws p r o m pt ed q u ic k c a l ls f o r i nt er na l r e v i e ws b y o r g a n i z a t i o n s t h at r e pr e s en t
c o l l e g es , un iv e r s it i e s a n d t h e ir ad m is s i o n s of f i c er s .

[ R E A D : W h it e S t u d e nt s G et M or e K – 1 2 F u n d i n g T h a n S t u d ent s of C o l or : R e p o r t ]

“T h is b e h av io r c om p r om is e s t h e i nt e gr it y o f c o ll e ge a dm i s s i o ns a nd r e i nf or c e s s t er e ot y p e s
t h at p e o p l e o f p r i v i l eg e c a n c i r c u m v en t t h e r u l es , ” M i c h a e l Re i ll y, e x e c u t i v e d ir e c t or o f
A m er i c a n A ss o c i at i on of C o l l e g i at e Re g i st r ar s a nd A dm is s i ons Off i ce rs , sa i d i n a
s t at em e nt . “I t u n d er m i n es p u b l ic c o nf id e n c e i n o u r i ns t i t u t i o n s . ”

R e i l l y s a i d he ‘ l l pr e s s t h e g r o u p’ s 1 1, 0 0 0 h i g he r ed u c at i o n p r of e s s i o n al s wh o r e p r es e nt
a p p r o x i m at e ly 2 , 6 0 0 in s t itu t i o ns t o r e v i e w t h e i r a dm i s s i o ns pr oc e s s e s , i nc l ud i n g t h os e
r e l at e d t o s t u d e n t – at h l et e s , t o e ns u r e t h at t he y a r e “t r a ns p a r e n t , f a i r a n d a b i d e b y t h e l o n g –
s t a nd i n g et h ic a l e x p e c t at io n s o f o ur p r o f e s s i o n. ”

” I f t h e s e a ll eg a t i o ns a r e t r u e, t h e y v i ol a t e t he e s s en t i a l pr e m i s e of a f ai r a n d t r a ns p ar e nt
c o l l e g e a dm is s i o ns p r oc es s , ” T e d M i t c h e l l, p r es i de n t of t he A m e r ic a n C o un c i l o n E d uca t i o n,
wh i c h r ep r ese n t s m or e t ha n 1, 7 0 0 p ub l i c a n d p r i va t e c ol l e g e an d u n iv e r s it y p r e s i d e nt s , s a i d
i n a s t at em en t . “T h i s al l eg e d b e h av i or is a nt i t h et ica l t o t h e c or e v al u e s of ou r i n s t it ut i o ns ,
d e f r a u d s s t ud e n t s an d f am i l i es , a nd ha s ab s o l ut ely n o p l a c e i n A m e r i c a n h ig h e r e d u c at io n . ”

M a n y i n t h e h i g h e r e d uc at i o n f i e l d s a y t h e y a r e n’ t s u r pr i s e d t ha t s uc h a r ac k e t wa s i n t he
wo r k s , b u t t ha t t h e o v ert ne s s wi t h wh i c h S i n g er a nd t h e p a r e n t s we r e wi l l i n g t o t a l k a b ou t
s e c ur i n g a n a d v a nt a g e – a n d a n i ll e g al o n e at t h at – is br e at ht ak i n g.

” I t h i nk wh a t we ‘ r e s e e i ng n o w i s a p r o c e ss t h at ha s go n e i n sid e – o ut a n d up s i d e -d o wn , ”
P e t er V a n B u s k ir k , f o u n de r o f B e s t Co l l e g e P r e p a n d s o m e o ne wh o ‘ s s p e nt m or e t h a n 2 5
ye a r s i n c o lle g e a dm i s s io n s , in c l u di ng 1 2 a s t h e f o r m er d e a n o f a d m i s s i o ns at F ra n k li n a n d
M a r s h a l l C o ll e g e , s a ys .

” W e h av e i ns t i t ut io n s t h at a r e a lm os t i n a c c es s i b l e, wi t h a dm i s s io n s r at es of 1 0 p er c e nt ,
a n d s o m e f am i l i es , n ot a l o t of f a m i li es , b ut s o m e, a r e wi l l i n g t o d o wh a t e v e r it t a k es t o
b e c o m e t h e e x c e p t i o n in t h at a d m i s s io n s p r oc e s s , et h i c s b e d am n e d, ” h e s a ys . “I t ‘ s a n
i n c r e di b l y s el f is h a p p r oa c h . ”

Lauren Camera, Education Reporter

Lauren Camera is an education reporter at U.S. News & World Report. She’s covered education policy and
politics for nearly a decade and has written for Education Week, The Hechinger Report, Congressional
Quarterly, Roll Call, and the Chronicle of Higher Education. She was a 2013 Spencer Education Fellow at
Columbia University’s School of Journalism, where she conducted a reporting project about the impact of
the Obama administration’s competitive education grant, Race to the Top.

Copyright 2019 the U.S. News & World Report, L.P. All rights reserved.

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