Assignment Week 4 This week you will be completing the Purpose section of the Prospectus Form. For the Purpose section, you will describe what you will com

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Assignment Week 4 This week you will be completing the Purpose section of the Prospectus Form. For the Purpose section, you will describe what you will compare, explore, or examine in order to address your stated research problem.  Be sure to clarify your variables/concepts of interest. For example, state what needs be studied by describing two or more factors (variables) and a conjectured relationship among them related to the identified gap or problem.

For details on completing the Purpose section see the DHA Program Prospectus Support site information for the Research Problem and Purpose. The DHA Program Prospectus Support site is located on the DHA Doctoral Study webpage.

The Supporting Literature section must also be updated if you located additional resources related to your study variables.

By Day 7

Submit your updated Prospectus Form with the completed information required for the Purpose section, additional sources selected and with the previously completed sections of the form.

Note: You should also include any work from previous weeks on the Prospectus Form. The Prospectus Form is designed to be iterative, so you will be continually revising and adding to the content as you progress through the course. DHA Prospectus Form

Students | Complete your doctoral
prospectus within this form. Write your responses in the white spaces using a scholarly tone and include in-text citations and APA reference entries where appropriate. You can click on underlined terms and headings for descriptions, resource links, and examples located in the Appendix. For additional prospectus information and resources, refer to the Doctoral Research Coach. Complete the Research Design Alignment Table within this form using the information from earlier sections and self-assess your research design alignment. Submit this completed form into MyDR for formal evaluation and feedback when your committee chair indicates that you are ready to do so.

Student’s Name | Click or tap here to enter text. Student ID | Click or tap here to enter text.

Program and Specialization* | Click or tap here to enter text. Submission Date | Click arrow to select a date.

*Remember that your study focus must be within the realm of your program and specialization area.

Evaluators Only | Complete this section and provide feedback on responses and rubric scores in the form where noted.

Committee Chairperson Name: Click or tap here to enter text. Overall Assessment: Choose score.
Second Committee Member Name: Click or tap here to enter text. Overall Assessment: Choose score.
PhD Program Director: Click or tap here to enter text. Overall Assessment: Choose score.

Title

In 12 words or less, what is the working title for this study? Include the topic, variables and relationship between them, and the most critical key words.

Replace this text with your title.

Supporting Literature

The first step in developing your prospectus is to search the literature related to the general area related to healthcare administration you want to investigate (see social problem below). In your review of recent, empirical literature, what keywords did you search and in what databases?

The keywords and databases searched included Replace this text with your response.

Search Log

Database

Search Terms

Results

Notes

Provide at maximum of 10 brief summaries of recent, scholarly (peer-reviewed) articles and empirical literature. The summaries should include: a) 3 – 5 brief summaries within the last 5 years that justify a current and relevant problem in your discipline or professional field; b) article(s) that support your theoretical/conceptual framework; c) article that supports your Nature of the Study section; d) additional articles that support that your problem is current and relevant to your discipline or professional field for a total of 10 brief summaries.

Include the complete, APA reference entry and (a) an in-text citation; (b) what was studied; (c) what was found; and (d) why this research is important in relation to your study. This evidence provides the justification for your research problem.

HSO Justification Literature

(minimum of 3 sources within last 5 years justifying an HSO operational, administrative or management problem)

Replace this text with your summaries.

HSO Problem Supporting Sources

(social problem, significance, or variables beyond justified HSO problem)

Replace this text with your summaries.

Framework Literature

(minimum of 1 source that aligns with the research variables)

Replace this text with your summaries.

Nature of Study Literature Methods and Analysis

(minimum of 1 source for the methodology and type of analysis)

Replace this text with your summaries.

Nature of Study Literature Dataset

(minimum of 1 source for the dataset)

Replace this text with your summaries.

Rubric Standard | Justified >
Is evidence presented that this problem is significant to the discipline and/or professional field?

Problem

What was the social problem and the healthcare administration problem that prompted you to search the literature to find out more? Write in complete sentences using a scholarly tone.

The situation or issue that prompted me to search the literature is Replace this text with your response.

Based on all of the above justification and supporting information (literature, social problem, healthcare administration problem), in one sentence, what is your operational/
research problem
?

The specific research problem that will be addressed through this study is Replace this text with your response.

Now that you have read and summarized some of the recent literature, what meaningful
gap
in the literature that aligns with your HSO research problem your study will address? (What is still not known?)

Although researchers have investigated this issue, there is very little or no literature on Replace this text with your response.

Rubric Standard | Meaningful >
Has a meaningful problem and gap in the research literature been identified?

Rubric Standard | Original >
Does this doctoral study have potential to make an original contribution?

Purpose

To address your stated research problem, what is the purpose of your study? Will you compare, explore, examine, etc.? Complete the purpose sentence below and be sure to clarify your dependent and independent variables of interest.

The purpose of this quantitative study is to Replace this text with your response.

Framework (Conceptual or Theoretical)

What theory(ies) and/or concept(s) support (frame) your study and who are the original authors? Provide an in-text citation with your response, and the complete APA reference entry with summary in the Supporting Literature section.

The theories and/or concepts that ground this study include Replace this text with your response.

How do these theories and/or concepts relate to your research problem, purpose, and the nature of your study?

The logical connections between the framework presented and the nature of my study include Replace this text with your response.

Rubric Standard | Grounded >
Is the problem framed to enable the researcher to either build upon or counter the previously published findings on the topic?

Research Question(s) and Hypotheses

List the question(s) that you plan to use to address the research problem. Your questions must align with your study purpose and include the dependent and independent variables and how they will be examined.

Replace this text with your research question(s) and hypotheses (if applicable).

Nature of the Study

What systematic approach (methodology and research design) do you plan to use to address your research question(s)?

To address the research questions in this Choose approach/method study, the specific research design will include Replace this text with your response.

Reference entry for the work on which this research design is based:
Replace this text with your response.

What is the possible secondary data source(s)?

For my planned research design, I will need Replace this text with your response.

What specific data points from these sources do you plan to use to answer your research question(s)?

Replace this text with your response.

What limitations, challenges, and/or barriers might you need to address while conducting this study (e.g., access to participants, access to data, requirements for storing data, separation of roles or other ethical considerations, instrumentation fees, etc.)?

Replace this text with your response.

Rubric Standard | Feasible >
Can a systematic method of inquiry be used to address the problem; and does the approach have the potential to address the problem while considering potential risks and burdens placed on research participants?

Significance

How will your study address the meaningful, discipline-specific issue that you identified and therefore contribute to your field, discipline, professional practice, etc. contributing to positive social change?

This study is significant in that Replace this text with your response.

Rubric Standard | Impact >
Does this doctoral study have potential to affect positive social change?

Rubric Standard | Objective >
Is the topic approached in an objective manner?

Partner Site Masking Self-Check

Walden capstones typically mask the identity of the partner organization. The methodological and ethical reasons for this practice as well as criteria for exceptions are outlined here (link to posted guidance).

☐ Check here to confirm that you will mask the identity of the organization in the final capstone that you publish in ProQuest.

☐ If you perceive that your partner organization’s identity would be impossible to mask or if there is a strong rationale for naming the organization in your capstone, please check this box so that your Program Director can review your request for an exception. If granted, that exception must be confirmed by the IRB during the ethics review process. The IRB will also ensure that your consent form(s) and/or site agreement(s) permit naming the organization.

Research Design Alignment Table | Using an alignment table can assist with ensuring the alignment of your research design.

Research Design Alignment Table Video Tutorial (YouTube) | Doctoral Research Design Alignment Appointments or Office Hours

Note
. At prospectus stage, not all items in the table below can be identified (e.g., data points, data analysis). Please complete the items that you have identified in this prospectus form. During proposal development, you will revisit this form to adjust, as needed, and finalize your research design.

Research Problem, Purpose, and Framework
Provide one sentence for each. These must align with all rows.

Research Question(s), Method, & Design
List one or more RQs, as needed; select method; identify design. Use a separate form for additional RQs.

Data Collection Tools & Data Sources
List the instrument(s) and people, artifacts, or records that will provide the data for each RQ.

Data Points
List the variables, specific interview questions, scales, etc. that will be used for each RQ.

Data Analysis
Briefly describe the statistical or qualitative analysis that will address each RQ.

Problem: Replace text with response.

Purpose: Replace text with response.

Framework: Replace text with response.

RQ1: Replace text with response.
Method: Quantitative
Design: Replace text with response.

Replace text with response.

Replace text with response.

Replace text with response.

RQ2: Replace text with response.
Method: Quantitative
Design: Replace text with response.

Replace text with response.

Replace text with response.

Replace text with response.

RQ3: Replace text with response.
Method: Quantitative
Design: Replace text with response.

Replace text with response.

Replace text with response.

Replace text with response.

Note. The information in the first column must align with all rows, and each individual RQ row must show alignment across the columns for that row.

Once your Research Design Alignment Table is completed, reflect on your design alignment. Ask yourself:
1. Is there a logical progression from the research problem to the purpose of the study?
2. Does the identified framework ground the investigation into the stated problem?
3. Do the problem, purpose, and framework in the left-hand column align with the RQ(s) (all rows)?
4. Does each RQ address the problem and align with the purpose of the study?
5. Does the information across each individual row match/align with the RQ listed for that row?
5. By row, will the variables listed address the RQ?
5. By row, will the analysis address the RQ?
5. By row, can the analysis be completed with the data points that will be collected?

Rubric Standard | Aligned >
Do the various aspects of the prospectus align overall?

Appendix

The Doctoral Prospectus

The
Doctoral Prospectus

is a brief document that provides preliminary information about your doctoral research and is used in two ways:
1. It serves as the tentative
plan for developing the proposal
and is evaluated to ensure doctoral-level work (e.g., feasibility, alignment, etc.).
1. It provides information used to assign the committee University Research Reviewer.

Prospectus approval from the committee chair, second committee member, and a program-level designee is required for you to move forward and work on your proposal. The plan is subject to change, and parts of your research design may need to be adjusted after you complete your exhaustive review of the literature during proposal development.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

Title

Example

The Relationship Between Nurse Leader Self Efficacy, Burnout, and Intent to Leave

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

Supporting Literature

Probably the most important step in the research process is
searching recent, peer-reviewed literature
and reading articles related to the general area you want to investigate. The area is based on an identified social problem. As you read and learn, you will narrow your focus. This is how you will identify a discipline-specific research problem.

[Note: Scholarly, empirical articles and how to find them.]

First, you’ll need to determine your search terms or keywords
and the databases you should search. As you conduct your search of the literature, stay organized by keeping a search log.

Example for this Form

The keywords and databases searched included
hospital nurse leader retention

, nurse leader intent to leave employment, nursing burnout, nursing stress and nursing turnover in the databases MedLine, PubMed, and NIH.

Search Log Example

Database

Search Terms

Results

Notes

CINAHL

nurse leader turnover, nurse manager turnover, nurse manager burnout, nurse manager, limited to peer reviewed, 2016-present

1175

Search too broad; Narrow by using multiple terms

Thoreau

nurse leader turnover, nurse manager turnover, nurse manager burnout, nurse manager, nurse leader self-efficacy, self-efficacy and burnout; limited to peer reviewed, 2016-present

875

Still too broad

Thoreau

Combined the above terms; limited to peer reviewed, 2016 to present

75

Much better, several relevant articles found

As you read and evaluate literature, you also need to organize your research. A literature review matrix is one way to help you visualize what has and hasn’t been done in your field. It will help you understand the scholarly works related to your area of interest. The importance of organizing and recording your review of literature cannot be overstated. You will refer to your notes as you write, so start on the right track from the beginning!
[Suggestion: If you keep your search log in an Excel workbook, use the second tab in the same workbook for your literature review matrix.]

For this prospectus form, include the complete, APA reference entry and (a) an in-text citation; (b) what they studied; (c) what they found; and (d) why this is important in relation to your study. This evidence provides the justification for your research problem. These sources provide
justification
that this problem is meaningful to the discipline or professional field. The background literature must include the following:
1. 3-5 credible sources within the last 5 years that all talk about the same professional practice problem
1. Reference entries related to the framework
1. Reference entry related to the Nature of the Study.
1. Additional reference entries that support and justifying the research problem.
[Note: During proposal development, you will conduct an exhaustive review and synthesize your sources, rather than summarize.]

Supporting Literature Examples

Justification Literature

William, C. & Looker, H. (2020). The influence of frontline manager job stress on burnout, commitment, and turnover intention: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 49, 1800-1833. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2015.09.006

(a) William and Looker (2020); (b) studied the relationship between nurse manager job strain, burnout, lower organizational commitment, and higher turnover intention; (c) they found that nurse leaders have a high turnover, job strain and burnout; (d) this in important in relation to my study because establishes direct relationship between an operational problem and conditions influencing the problem.

Heido, S., Bron, P., Frazer, K., & Wing, C., (2019). Factors influencing nurse leader’s intent to stay or leave employment: a quantitative analysis. Journal of Nursing Management, 23, 105-106. https://doi.org/10.1111/ 12252

(a) Heido et. al, 2019; (b) studied the prevalence of nurse leaders intending to leave their jobs; (c) they found that up to 40% of nurse leaders will leave their jobs in the next two years as a result of burnout and work dissatisfaction; (d) this is important in relation to my study because it supports the currency and significance of the operational problem.

Adral, J., Link, A., & Bog, T. (2018). Predictors of occupational stress, health and well-being in nurse managers: A cross-sectional survey study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 12, 81-92. https://doi.org/10.1016/ ijnurstu.2017.05

(a) Adral et al., (2018); (b) studied predictors of occupational stress with nurse leaders; (c) they found that nurse leaders are making the difficult decision to leave their jobs while reporting increasing levels of burnout due to increasing occupational stressors; (d) this is important in relation to my study because it provides justification of the operational problem and future magnitude of the problem.

Wing, C. & Lasky, H. (2019). The influence and impact of frontline manager job strain on burnout, commitment, and turnover intention: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 18, 1500-1533. https://doi.org/10.985/j.ijnurstu.2015.09.006

(a) Wing & Lasky (2019); (b) studied the causes and influences nurse leader burnout and commitment; (c) they found that job strain and stress had a direct relationship to nurse leaders commitment to employment and intent to leave employment; (d) this is important in relation to my study because it provides justification that an operational problem exist with job stress, burnout and intent to leave employment for nurse leaders.

Supporting Literature

Teal, Y., Zack, S., Gate, X. Andrew, Z., Wang, S., Link, H., Lang, Y., Goatz, L., Lutz, L. & Donalds, Z. (2020).
General self-efficacy modifies the effect of stress on burnout in nurses with different personality types. BMC Health Services Research, 81, 367-385. doi: 10.1186/s12913-018

(a) Teal et al., (2020); (b) studied self-efficacy as one type of self-influence that moderates burnout in professionals who serve others; (c) they found that increasing self-efficacy may serve as a protector against burnout or a way to heal from existing burnout; (d) this is important in relation to understanding the connection between protecting and healing from burnout that results with intent to leave employment.

Figueroa, C., Harrison, R., Chauhan, A., & Meyer, L. (2019). Priorities and challenges for health leadership and workforce management globally: a rapid review. BMC Health Services Research, 1, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-019-4080-7

(a) Figueroa et al. (2019); (b) studied challenges healthcare leaders are facing with workforce management; (c) they found that health care executives are challenged with sustaining a health services leadership workforce that provides safe, accessible, high quality, people-centered care across the health care services continuum; (d) this is important in relation to my study because it supports the social health problem facing healthcare administrators.

McFitz, G., Jackvilee, D., Vickson, M., & Williams, L. (2019). Surviving workplace adversity: a qualitative study of nurses and midwives and their strategies to increase personal resilience. Journal of Nursing Management, 24, 123-131. https://doi.org/10.1111/jonm.12293

(a) McFitz et al. (2019); (b) studied how strategies used by nurses and midwives to increase personal residence to workplace stress; (c) they found that nursing professionals can survive workplace adversity using their own internal self-motivation, self-organization, and involvement in support networks; (d) this is important in relation to my study because it support the positive impact intrinsic motivation, organization and support network may have mitigating the negative effects of burnout.

Framework Literature

Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. New York, NY: W.H. Freeman and Company.
(a) Bandura (1997); (b) studied the ability a person to regulate one’s own level of motivation and behavior; (c) he found that individuals who could regulate one’s own motivation and behavior were defined by their destiny whereby and not external environment that might cause them to fail due to stress; (d) this is important in relation to my study because it establishes a framework that connects the conditions surrounding employment burnout and to possible intent to leave employment.

Nature of Study Literature

Frankfort-Nachmias, C., Leon-Guerrero, A., & Davis, G. (2020). Social statistics for a diverse society (9th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

(a) Frankfort-Nachmias, Leon-Guerrero & Davis (2020); (b) published textbook on quantitative linear regression research design; (c) found how a Pearson correlation can help to understand the magnitude or impact of one variable on another; (d) this is important in relation to determining a statistical significance between the dependent and independent variable in the study.

AONL (2019). American Organization of Nursing Leadership. Database for nursing employment, job satisfaction, self-efficacy and retention. Retrieved from https://www.aonl.org

(a) AONL (2019); (b) the AONL houses secondary data on nurse leaders; (c) will provide access to secondary data collected from nursing managers using the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI-HSS) and Leader Efficacy Questionnaire (LEQ); (d) it is important in relation to my study because it will provide data points for the dependent and independent variable to be analyzed.

Rubric Standard | Justified >
Is

evidence

presented that this problem is significant to the discipline and/or professional field?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

Problem
Social Problem

The situation or issue being experienced by a population or within your discipline that prompted you to search the literature to find out more is sometimes called a social problem. It is the issue that students see “on the ground” so to speak. The social problem is often what prompts students to think about a topic of interest. Usually such a topic is one that students identify with, sometimes having personally experienced some aspect of the problem as it exists in the world.

Social Problem Example

The issue that prompted me to search the literature is that hospital executives are challenged with sustaining a health services leadership workforce that provides safe, accessible, high quality, people-centered care across the health care services continuum.

Research Problem

A research problem is a focused topic of concern, a condition to be improved upon, or troubling question that is supported in scholarly literature or theory that you study to understand in more detail, and that can lead to recommendations for resolutions. It is the research problem that drives the rest of the dissertation: the purpose, the research questions, and the methodology.

Research Problem Example

In one sentence, the specific research problem is
that hospitals are struggling to retain nurse leaders as a result of increasing levels with nursing burnout due to increasing occupational stressors.

Gap

The need to address an identified

gap in the research literature

must be clear and there must be current relevance to the discipline and area of practice. Keep in mind that a gap in the research is not, in and of itself, a reason to conduct research. The gap relates to the rubric standard: Meaningful.

Research Gap Example

Although researchers have investigated this issue, there is very little or no literature on the role self-efficacy plays with the nurse leader burnout, employment stressors and intent to leave employment.

Rubric Standard | Meaningful >
Has a meaningful problem and gap in the research literature been identified?

Rubric Standard | Original >
Does this doctoral study have potential to make an original contribution?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

Purpose

To address your stated research problem, what is the purpose of your study? Will you describe, compare, explore, examine, etc.? Be sure to clarify your variables/concepts of interest. For example: In quantitative studies, state what needs be studied by describing two or more factors (variables) and a conjectured relationship among them related to the identified gap or problem.

Purpose Example

The purpose of this quantitative study is to examine if there is an association between self-efficacy of nurse leaders and self-reported burnout, occupational stress and intent to leave.

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

Framework

The framework includes the theories and/or concepts relevant to your topic. Align the framework with the problem, purpose, research questions, and background of your study. This theoretical or conceptual framework is the basis for understanding, designing, and analyzing ways to investigate your research problem (data collection and analysis). Provide the original scholarly literature (citing original authors) on the theory and/or concepts, even if it is more than 5 years old. Please do not cite secondary sources.

Example Theoretical Framework

The theories and/or concepts that ground this study include Bandura’s (1997) theory of self-efficacy, focusing specifically on one’s perception of how well one can achieve something that appears beyond their reach.

Next, explain how these theories and/or concepts relate to your research problem, purpose, and the nature of your study. Your topic/approach should align with the identified framework so that you will either build upon or counter the previously published findings on the topic.

Example Connection for the Conceptual Framework

The logical connections between the framework presented and my study approach include Bandura’s (1997) theoretical work which shows that an individual can influence their own self-efficacy. Further, subsequent research application of Bandura’s theory offers guidance that increasing self-efficacy may serve as a protector against burnout (Teal et al., 2020).

Rubric Standard | Grounded >
Is the problem framed to enable the researcher to either build upon or counter the previously published findings on the topic?

…………………………………………………………………………………………………

Research Question(s) and Hypotheses

List the overarching question and/or a series of related questions that are informed by the study purpose, that will be used to address the research problem. A research question informs the research design by providing a foundation for the generation of null and alternative hypotheses in quantitative studies.

Research Questions Example

RQ1 – Is there a correlation between higher self-efficacy scores for nurse leaders and lower scores for burnout, occupational stress and intent to leave?

H₀1 – There is no statistically significant correlation between higher self-efficacy scores for nurse leaders and lower scores for burnout, occupational stress and intent to leave.

Ha1 – There is a statistically significant correlation between higher self-efficacy scores for nurse leaders and lower scores for burnout, occupational stress and intent to leave.

RQ 2 – Are self-efficacy scores for nurse leaders associated with scores for burnout, occupational stress and intent to leave, after controlling for age, gender, and race / ethnicity?

H₀1 – There is no statistically significant association between self-efficacy scores for nurse leaders and self-reported scores for burnout, occupational stress and intent to leave, after controlling for age, gender, and race / ethnicity.

Ha1 – There is a statistically significant association between self-efficacy scores for nurse leaders and self-reported scores for burnout, occupational stress and intent to leave, after controlling for age, gender, and race / ethnicity.
…………………………………………………………………………………………………

Nature of the Study

Explain the systematic approach (research design) you plan to use to address your research question(s). Examples of study design are as follows:

Quantitative—for experimental, quasiexperimental, or nonexperimental designs; treatment-control; repeated measures; causal-comparative; single-subject; predictive studies; or other quantitative approaches

Research Design Example

To address the research questions in this quantitative study, the approach I plan to use will include a Pearson Correlation that will be used for RQ1 to understand the correlation between the independent variable and each of the dependent variables (Frankfort-Nachmias, Leon-Guerrero, & Davis, 2020). To address the second research question in this quantitative study, a multivariate multiple regression analysis will be used (Frankfort-Nachmias, Leon-Guerrero, & Davis, 2020).

Reference entry for the work on which this approach is based:

Frankfort-Nachmias, C., Leon-Guerrero, A., & Davis, G. (2020). Social statistics for a diverse society (9th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Then, for your planned research design, present the type of data you will need, and a list of possible secondary data sources that could be used to address the proposed research question (s). At this point, you should have an idea of the type of data needed to address your research question(s). Identify the data source and how the data will be accessed. Possible secondary data sources, by program, are available on the Center for Research Quality website. [Note. This is your tentative plan, so keep in mind that things might need to be modified during the proposal stage—particularly after you have completed your exhaustive review of the literature.]

Data Source Example

For my planned research design, I will need to request access to the American Organization for Nursing database where the secondary data exist for the Maslach Burnout Inventory Human Services Survey (MBI-HSS) and Leader Efficacy Questionnaire (LEQ).

Next, provide the specific data points that you plan to use to answer your research question(s). Data points are the specific variables or type of information that you will use in your analysis. For example, items on a survey or types of interview questions (not the actual survey or interview questions). When using secondary data, you must ensure the data include the dependent and independent variables or data points that you need to address your research question.

Example

The MBI-HSS will provide data poin

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