- Select a peer-reviewed empirical article.ATTACHED. Read through method and measurement, and identify each measured variable according to the scale upon which it was measured, and explain why you chose that particular scale of measurement.
- What are the variables you will be using in your research project for this class? Describe each of them.
- What scale(s) of measurement are you using for each?
- Please provide your answers in a 3- to 4-page Microsoft Word document.
- Support your responses with examples.
- Cite any sources in APA format.
a Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, 13210, USA
b College of Medicine, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, NY, 13210, USA
c College of Medicine, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, 43210, USA
Disability and Health Journal
October 2021 14(4)
Background Opioid use experiences among people with disability (PWD) as a group has not been clearly articulated in the current literature, despite links between pain and measures of disability.
Methods Four databases were queried (i.e., Medline, PsycINFO, Embase, and CINAHL) for peer-reviewed, empirical, English-language, journal articles focused on long-term opioid use among PWD. Collected data points included: disability details (specific condition, onset of disability), opioid details (category of opioid use, and specified substance), study details, and design.
Results A total of 196 articles were included, with 83.7% published since 2000 largely from the US. The majority of articles (70.4%) focused on the use of opioids as medical treatment, with fewer articles focusing on recreational opioid use or substance use disorders. The majority of included sources (73%) focused on opioid use in acquired conditions; neuropathic pain (21.9%) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (20.4%) were the most commonly studied. Differences were observed in the distribution of disability conditions across category of opioid use and study design classification; 73.5% were considered observational in design.
Conclusions The varied representation of disability conditions, and differences across opioid use category and study design classification point to a complicated relationship between opioid use and disability. The present research portfolio would benefit from research matching informational needs of a specific disability area or opioid use category to provide the evidence necessary to advance current knowledge and promote inclusion in national agendas.
Published by Elsevier Inc.
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<A href=”https://su.idm.oclc.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=edselp&AN=S1936657421000522&site=eds-live”>A systematic scoping study exploring opioid use across a variety of disability conditions</A>